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Workplace Urine Drug Testing

Workplace Urine Drug Testing

Highly accurate and reliable, urine drug testing is the most commonly used method in Canada’s occupational testing industry.

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Due to its high accuracy, urine drug testing is the most commonly used method to detect the presence of drugs in Canada’s occupational testing industry. SureHire offers urine drug testing throughout Canada and the United States.

Advantages of urine drug testing:

  • Easily accessible
  • High reliability and validity
  • More historical view of the donor (THC)
  • Consistently upheld in court

Disadvantages of urine drug testing:

  • Easy to adulterate
  • Requires a specific collection facility
  • Difficult to link to impairment
  • Testing process can be prolonged

Express & Lab Based Testing

SureHire can qualitatively test a urine sample instantly through express testing or quantitatively using a Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)-certified laboratory. Both types of testing offer employers the choice of a 5-panel, 7-panel, or 12-panel test.

Express (Point of Collection) Urine Drug Testing

Express drug testing provides employers a quick, convenient, and reliable option when testing workers for drug abuse. It is a flexible option as these tests can be completed at a testing facility or at the workplace. The results of an express (point-of-collection) drug test are instant and qualitative, meaning they provide a negative or non-negative result.

Express urine drug testing does not determine the level of the drug in the body and it is recommended that all non-negative express drug screens are sent to SAMHSA certified laboratories for confirmation screening.

Lab-based Testing

Lab-based urine drug testing is offered in the following ways:

  • As a stand-alone test
  • In addition to a urine express test (urine express and lab)
  • To confirm a non-negative urine express test

Testing urine in the lab allows us to determine the levels of multiple drugs within a single sample. Lab-based testing samples are packaged up and sent directly to the lab with no result given at the time of testing.

Negative urine lab results are typically available in 24 hours, while confirmed positive results typically take 72 hours to process.

Urine Express-Panel 5 Urine Express-Panel 7 Urine Express-Panel 12 Urine Lab-Panel 5 Urine Lab-Panel 7 Urine Lab-Panel 12
Marijuana X X X X X X
Cocaine X X X X X X
Opiates X X X X X X
6-Monoacetylmorphine X X X
Phencyclidine X X X X X X
Amphetamines X X X X X X
Methamphetamine X X
Ecstasy X X X X X
Oxycodone X X X X
Benzodiazepine X X
Barbiturates X X
Propoxyphene X X
Methadone X X

Upon entering the facility, you will first be required to present some form of government-issued photo identification when you come in for your appointment.

If you are coming in for a private appointment, payment must be made prior to testing. Acceptable forms of payment include debit card or credit card.

Once your ID is verified, you will receive paperwork to fill out. This paperwork includes an authorization allowing SureHire to perform the test and provide the results to your employer/potential employer. If you are coming in for a private test, the form will have a spot where you can indicate where you would like the results to be sent. You will also have a short form to fill out indicating your contact information and any prescription or over the counter drugs that you are currently using.

Once your paperwork is submitted, you must not leave the testing facility until testing is complete. If you choose to leave the testing facility, it will be indicated as a refusal to test and considered a fail.

How to Prepare

  • Bring your government issued photo ID (driver’s licence, passport, military ID, etc.)
  • Abstain from using illegal drugs
  • If you are taking a prescription medication, know the name of the medication you are taking. You may also bring a list of medications that you may be taking to note on your paperwork.

Do NOT drink excessive amounts of water prior to a drug test. Your typical level of water consumption is recommended. Drinking excessive amounts of water may cause your urine to be too diluted to test.

Testing Expectations:

  1. You will be required to provide a sample of urine within 3 minutes of entering a private, single toilet bathroom. If you flush the toilet after providing the sample, it will be considered invalid.
  2. Once you have provided a sample, the tester will ensure it meets our collection criteria. If the sample is acceptable, one of two things may happen:
    - If you are booked in for an express urine test, the tester will then test the urine sample for drugs.
    - If you are booked in for a lab-based urine test, the tester will split the sample in front of you, fill out a Chain of Custody, and package the sample to go to the laboratory. Lab results typically take 2-5 business days.
  3. If your sample does not meet our collection criteria, you will be instructed to return to the waiting room until you can provide an acceptable sample. You will be given up to three hours to provide a valid sample.
  4. If your lab-based drug screen is positive or if your express drug screen is confirmed positive at the lab you will be contacted by a medical review officer (MRO). The MRO will contact you with the information you put down on your intake form. Ensure that this information is correct. It is the responsibility of the MRO to determine whether the positive drug screen was due to legitimate prescription drug use or if it is due to illegal drug use or prescription drug misuse.

Schedule of Acceptable Identification


  • Valid permanent driver’s licence issued in Canada or the United States of America, as permitted to be used for identification purposes under provincial law.
  • Valid passport issued by the government of residing country.
  • Certificate of Indian Status issued by the Government of Canada.
  • A document or card, bearing the individual’s photograph and signature, issued by any of the following authorities:
    -Insurance Corporation of British Columbia
    -Alberta Registries
    -Saskatchewan Government Insurance
    -Department of Service Nova Scotia, Department of Transportation, Province of Prince Edward Island
    -Service New Brunswick, Department of Government Service, Province of Newfoundland and Labrador
    -Department of Transportation of the Northwest Territories, Department of Community Government and Transportation of the Territory of Nunavut
  • Firearms licence or military ID
  • Homeless Aid Centre photo identification
  • Correctional Centre photo identification

Please note: photos or photocopies of ID will NOT be accepted.


    -Employee photo identity card, issued by an employer that is well-known in the community.
    -Certificate of Canadian Citizenship or a Certification of Naturalization, in the form of a paper document or card, but not a commemorative issue.
    -A provincial health insurance card, as permitted to be used for identification purposes under provincial law.
    -Social Insurance Number card issued by the Government of Canada (note: printable SIN cards will not be accepted).
    -Birth certificate issued in Canada.
    -Interim Driver’s License.
    -Employee ID card – from a reputable company within the community
    -Oil Sands ID card
    -Student ID card – from a reputable educational institution within the community
    -Gym membership
    -Costco ID card


  • If no ID is available, the tester will call your employer and speak to their DER. If the manager gives the tester a satisfactory physical description of the client or confirmation of personal information, the testing can proceed.
  • Management ID: 3 contact attempts within 30 minutes. If the tester cannot obtain management ID, online bookings will be advised that the client does not have sufficient ID to continue with testing. You will need to contact your company to re-book the appointment.


  • If no ID is available, the client must get a notarized letter with a photo attached to the actual letter. Any lawyer, doctor, pastor or other notary can provide this.

Urine Cut Off Levels (Lab Based/Confirmation Testing)

Analyte Initial Testing ng/mL Confirmation Testing ng/mL Confirmation Includes
Amphetamine 500 250 Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, MDA, MDMA, MDEA
Ecstasy 500 250 Amphetamine, Methamphetamine, MDA, MDMA, MDEA
Cocaine Metabolite 150 100 Cocaine, Metabolite
Opiates 2000 (DOT/5-Panel) 2000 2000 Morphine, Codeine
Opiates 300 (GOX4) 300 300 Morphine, Codeine, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone
Oxycodone 300 100 Morphine, Codeine, Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Hydromorphone
6AM 10 10
Marijuana Metabolite 50 15
Phencyclidine (PCP) 25 25
Barbiturates 200 200 100 Phenobarbital, Secobarbital, Amobarbital, Butabarbital
Benzodiazepines 100 100 50 Temazepam, Oxazepam, Nordiazepam, Alprazolam, Triazolam, Lorazepam, Bromazepam, Clonazepam, Flurazepam
Methadone 300 100 Methadone, Methadone, Metabolite
Methadone Metabolite (EDDP) 100 100 Methadone, Methadone Metabolite
Methaqualone 300 n/a
Propoxyphene 300 n/a
Ethanol 20 mg/dL 20 mg/dL

Urine Cut Off Levels (Point of Collection)

Analyte Initial Testing ng/mL
Amphetamine 1000
Ecstasy 500
Cocaine Metabolite 150
Opiates 2000 (DOT/5-Panel) 2000
Opiates 300 (GOX4) 300
Oxycodone 100
Marijuana Metabolite 50
Phencyclidine (PCP) 25
Barbiturates 300
Benzodiazepines 300
Methadone 300
MDMA 500
Propoxyphene 500

Testimonials & Case Studies

This industrial construction company implemented pre-hire Fitness-to-Work testing with SureHire in April 2012. From April 2012 to December 2015, *4322* candidates were tested.

Read the full case study

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